Elia Kazan introduced audiences to Warren Beatty, James Dean and Marlon Brando. His films of the 1950s -- including A Streetcar Named Desire, On the Waterfront, and East of Eden -- comprise perhaps the most impressive body of work of an American director of the decade. But Kazan, who was briefly a Communist in the 1930s, likely would not have been able to make many of those films had he not named names to HUAC in 1952.
Here is a list of published sources that the entire season draws from:
Dalton Trumbo: Blacklisted Hollywood Radical by Larry Ceplair and Christopher Trumbo
Odd Man Out: A Memoir of the Hollywood Ten by Edward Dmytryk
City of Nets by Otto Friedrich
Hollywood Radical, Or How I Learned to Love the Blacklist by Bernard Gordon
I Said Yes to Everything by Lee Grant
Naming Names by Victor S. Navasky
West of Eden: An American Place by Jean Stein
Sources specific to this episode:
Elia Kazan: A Life by Elia Kazan
Unfriendly Witnesses: Gender, Theater, and Film in the McCarthy Era by Milly Barranger
Timebends by Arthur Miller
Elia Kazan: A Biography by Richard Schickel
On The Waterfront: The Final Shooting Script by Budd Schulberg
What Makes Sammy Run? By Budd Schulberg
Kazan: The Master Director Discusses His Films by Jeff Young
“Many Refuse to Clap As Kazan Receives Oscar” by Patrick Goldstein, Los Angeles Times, March 22, 1999
“Streetcar Named Betrayal” by Maureen Dowd, New York Times, February 24, 1999
“Karl Malden and Budd Schulberg: Naming Names” by Anthony Giardina, New York Times, December 23, 1999
This episode includes clips from Letter to Elia, directed by Kent Jones and Martin Scorsese, and On The Waterfront, directed by Elia Kazan. Both are available on iTunes.
This episode was narrated and produced by Karina Longworth, and written by Karina Longworth and Matthew Dessem. Our production and research assistant is Lindsey D. Schoenholtz. Our editor is Henry Molofsky. Our logo was designed by Teddy Blanks.